SCIENCE Curriculum Map
Science is one of the most enlightening subjects, which allows students to explore and study the behaviour of the physical and natural world. To deepen this understanding, our lessons include practical aspects, ranging from in-depth scientific investigations to purposeful hands-on activities. Our curriculum is designed to provide all our students with the core scientific knowledge and basic principles that are needed to develop as aspiring young adults.
The science curriculum has been reviewed and adapted based on pupils’ learning, knowledge, and achievement. Unit orders have been changed and re-teaching planned based on feedback from subject audits that were carried out at the end of last academic year. We are now at a stage where the order of units has been established for a smooth transfer between KS3 and KS4.
|Year 7|| Students will be Introduced to working safely in the Science lab and common Scientific equipment.
Students will move into the foundations of Science with Biology; they will revisit animals and living things the students covered in KS2. In this Biology topics students will look closely at cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems; then they will move on to exploring the difference between unicellular and multicellular organisms.
In Chemistry students will learn about particle model which is the follow up of states of matter they learnt at KS2. They will also learn different methods of separating mixtures. Students will develop practical skills in Biology and in Chemistry during this term.
Biology – Cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems
Biology – Unicellular and multicellular
Chemistry – The particle model
Chemistry – mixtures and separation
|During term two, students will learn about Energy and Energy transfers in Physics. Before starting this topic, students will revisit the energy transfers they learnt in KS2 Light and Electricity.
They will have a chance to do a STEM project called ENERGY CAMPAIGN.
Students will learn about Acids and Alkalis in Chemistry, students will revisit working in lab safely which they learnt in term 1. They will have opportunities to carry out practical activities in this topic.
Physics – Energy
Physics – Energy transfers
Chemistry – Acids and Alkalis
|During term three, students will focus on forces in Physics where they will explore how things move and why it happens. It will be the continuation of the topic forces they covered in KS2.
They will move on to Biology where they will investigate the ecological relationships which is linked to KS2 living things and their habitats.
Each topic covered in Biology, Chemistry and Physics links to GCSE but also to how the world works.
We use a variety of practical and everyday activities that allow students to fully understand all the topics that are being taught.
Physics – Forces
Physics – Current electricity
Biology – Eco systems
|Year 8||At the beginning of the term, students will revisit the Safety in the lab which they learnt in year 7 term 1 and revisited in term 2.
Students will begin by looking at the differences between atoms, elements and molecules and will move on to learn about the periodic table in Chemistry. This is linked to KS2 properties of material. They will go on to explore how metals and non-metals are arranged in the periodic table. They will be carrying out practical activities in this topic.
Students will learn Biology topic respiration and photosynthesis. They will use their knowledge from year 7 Physics energy transfer to understand that the respiration is a way of energy transfer in living organisms. Students will also explore photosynthesis; how plants make their food to get energy from. Students will be able to make another link between the chloroplast in specialised cells they learnt in year 7 which is essential for photosynthesis.
Chemistry – Atoms, elements, and molecules
Chemistry – The periodic table
Biology – Respiration and photosynthesis
|Students will learn about light in Physics. They will revisit KS2 topic light. They will then develop an understanding of light and its different properties and why light is key to so many concepts, for example reflection.
Students will be looking at a balanced diet and explore why this is important in Biology topic food and nutrition. This is linked to KS2 content -recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function.
In Chemistry students will learn about combustion, where they will explore the two types of combustion: complete and incomplete combustion. During this topic, the students will revisit energy and energy transfer that they learnt in year 7 term 2.
Students will learn about magnets and electromagnets in Physics. In KS2 they came across magnetic force under the topic force. They will be carrying out practical activities. The students will explore the difference between bar magnets and electromagnets in this topic.
Physics – Light
Biology – Food and nutrition
Chemistry – Combustion
Physics – Magnets and Electromagnets
|Students will further develop in Chemistry by looking into everyday metals and their uses which is linked to year 8 term 1 – the periodic table.
They will learn about the types of reproduction and reproduction in animals in Biology. In KS2 students have learnt about how babies grow. Students will be revisiting specialised cells that they learnt in Year 7 term 1 before starting this topic.
Each topic covered in year 8 links well with the GCSE curriculum.
Chemistry – Metals and their uses
Biology – Types of reproduction and Reproduction in animals
|Year 9||In year 9 students start the GCSE course. They will be following Edexcel GCSE (9-1) Combined Science text book.
B1 – combined Science Paper 1
C1 – combined Science Paper 3
P1 – combined Science Paper 5
Physics – CP3: Conservation of Energy – in this unit students learn about energy stores and the conservation of energy. They will also understand that the energy is never created or destroyed but it transfers from one type of energy to another. They will explore the renewable and non-renewable energy sources and energy efficiency.
Chemistry – CC1: States of Matter & CC2: Methods of separating and purifying substances – students will revisit the particle model of all three states and separating mixtures that they learnt in year 7. They further develop their understanding of separation methods, for example, Chromatography and Distillation
They will carry out one Core practical in this topic.
– Investigating inks in this topic
Biology – CB1: Key concepts in biology – in this unit students will revisit cells and microscopes that they covered in year 7; they will also investigate enzymes action and transporting substances in plants.
There are three Core practical activities in this topic.
– Using microscopes
– pH & enzymes
– Osmosis in potato slices
Physics – CP1: Motion
Physics – CP2: Forces and Motion
Before students are introduced to scalar and vector quantities they will revisit Force they learnt in year 7. They will be able to understand and collect information from distance-time and velocity-time graphs. They will also investigate all three Newton’s laws.
They will carry out a core practical in this topic.
– Investigating Acceleration.
Chemistry – CC3: Atomic Structure
Chemistry – CC4: The Periodic table
Chemistry – CC5: Ionic bonding, CC6: Covalent bonding & CC7: Types of substance
In the above Chemistry topics students will revisit atoms, elements, and molecules that were covered in year 8. They will further their understanding of the structure of an atom and the sub-atomic particles. They will also explore the differences between Mendeleev’s and present-day periodic table.
Students will learn the differences between ionic, covalent and metallic bonding.
Biology – CB2: Cells and control
Biology – CB3: Genetics & CB4: Natural selection and GM
Before starting Cells and control, students will revisit cells and specialised cells they learnt in year 7 and in term 1 year 9. Students will learn about the different types of cell divisions, mitosis, and meiosis. They will learn about the growth in plants and animals and will also learn about specialised nerve cells and how they interact to form a coordinated response.
Pupils will then be taught Genetics (CB3) which builds on the knowledge acquired from KS3 on Cell structure. They will learn about the structure of DNA, explain how characteristics and specific diseases are inherited and will learn how to extract DNA from fruit. Learning genetics (CB3) will further increase their depth of knowledge and understanding about sexual reproduction which is knowledge that they will carry from KS3. This topic will also help them understand how genetic diseases are inherited and passed on and possibly how to reduce the chances of certain genetic diseases in the future generation. This topic may also satisfy the curiosity of how the sex of a child is determined.
Students will be sitting for one 1hr 30mins long paper which will cover all topics taught in B1, C1 and P1
|Year 10||Topics covered
Physics – CP4 – Waves – In this topic, students will be able to describe waves. They will explore the different types of waves, which are transverse wave, and longitudinal wave. They will also carry out a Core practical.
– Investigating waves
Physics – CP5 – Light and EM spectrum – In this topic they will understand that the light is one of the EM waves; and that the EM waves are transverse waves. They will explore the properties of these waves. They will recap on the reflection they studied in year 8 and explore another concept of light which is refraction in this topic. They will explore the uses of long and short-wave lengths. They will carry out one Core practical.
– Investigating refraction.
Biology CB4 – Natural selection and GM – they will explore Darwin’s theory. They will learn about the classification of living organisms
This will build on learning from KS2 from which they learnt about animals and their habitats; and identifying observable features of animals and plants.
This topic, Natural selection, and GM (CB4) is useful in adding more depth, history and understanding to the common and familiar concept of evolution by also inviting students to approach the topic from a scientific and critical perspective. It also provides detailed knowledge and a better understanding about genetic modification, which is a word everyone is exposed to in regard to food labels and production. This topic goes as far as to begin assessing the potential health and ethical issues surround GM.
Chemistry – CC8 – Acids & Alkalis – this has a clear link with year 7 topic that was covered. Here students will further explore acids, bases and salts, reactions of acids with metals and metal carbonates. They will learn to write balanced chemical equations. There are two Core practical activities in this topic.
– Preparing copper sulfate
– Investigating neutralisation
Chemistry – CC9 – Calculations involving masses – students will employ mathematical skills to calculate quantities of reactants and products. Students will learn the difference between empirical formula and molecular formula. The students will carry out a practical activity on finding the empirical formula of magnesium oxide. The mathematical skills they learn in this topic are essential to the reminder of the course and underpins the understanding of Chemistry.
Chemistry – CC10 – Electrolytic processes, CC11 – Obtaining and using metals and CC12 – Reversible reactions and Equilibria
In unit CC10, students will be exploring the electrolysis of different substances. They will revisit ionic bonding that was covered in year 9 term 2 during this topic. Before starting CC11 topic they will revisit metals that was covered in year 9 periodic table and types of substances. They will investigate the different ways of extracting metals from their ores using the place where that metal is in the reactivity series. They will also explore what dynamic equilibrium is and the reversible reaction. This unit is linked with everyday life. They will discuss how ammonium nitrate fertiliser is produced and the importance of ammonia production.
There is one Core practical in this topic.
– Electrolysis of copper sulfate solution.
Biology – CB5 – Health, Disease, and the Development of Medicines – In Year 7 and 9, pupils learnt about the structure of a bacterial cell and so in CB5, pupils will be taught about bacterial diseases, antibiotics, and viral diseases.
In this unit students cover communicable and non-communicable diseases, pathogens and spread of pathogens. They also explore immune system in human.
They will build on knowledge from KS3 where they have looked at pathogens as a cause for diseases. They will learn about specific examples of diseases which are prevalent in society today and some that have been eradicated. This will be useful in educating how a disease like the COVID19 virus may be eradicated, how immunisation and herd immunity works. Thereby arming students with the understanding and importance of vaccinations and taking medicines properly and instilling hope that this will pass.
Physics – CP6 – Radioactivity – students will study radioactivity and why it occurs. They will study the history of the atom, which builds on the knowledge from the Chemistry topics and how the nuclear model of the atom was established. Students will then study how radioactive decay occurs and how radioactive processes are used in industry today.
|Students will be starting year 11 topics in B2, C2 and P2 topics.
Biology – CB6 – Plant Structures and their functions – students will recap CB1 – key concepts of biology where they re- visited cells and specialised cells. In year 8 students covered what photosynthesis is and the factors needed for photosynthesis to take place. In this unit, students will further explore how the factors affect photosynthesis. They will also study transpiration and translocation.
There is one Core practical in this topic
– Light intensity and photosynthesis
They will also be able to apply their prior knowledge of the concepts of transporting substances which they have learnt in CB1 in year 9.
Chemistry – CC13 – Groups 1, 7 and 0 – this topic is the continuation of the periodic table which was covered in year 8 and year 9. They will study the properties of the above three groups.
CC14 – Rates of reaction – students will explore how and why different factors such as concentration, temperature and size of particles affect the rate of chemical reactions. There is one Core practical in this topic.
– Investigating reaction rates.
CC15 – Heat exchanges in reactions – energy changes are an important part of chemical reactions. The interactions of particles often involve transfers of energy due to the breaking or formation of bonds. Students will students the two different types of energy changes in chemical reactions.
Physics – CP7 – Energy – forces doing work & CP8 – Forces, and their effects
Biology – CB7 – Animal Coordination, control, and homeostasis
Students will be sitting paper 1 – B1, paper 3 – C1 and paper 5 – P1 papers; each paper is 1 hr 10mins long
|Year 11||Students will have an opportunity to revisit the topics they covered in year 10 term three during the first half of term 1.
Biology – CB6 – Plant Structures and their functions
Chemistry – CC13 – Groups 1, 7 and 0, CC14 – Rates of reaction and CC15 – Heat exchanges in reactions
Physics – CP7 – Energy – forces doing work & CP8 – Forces, and their effects
Biology – CB7 – Animal Coordination, control, and homeostasis
During the second half of term one, the following topics will be covered. Students will revisit current and electricity that was covered in year 7 before starting CP9.
Physics – CP9 – Electricity and Circuits – in this topic, students will learn about potential difference and resistance, different types of resistors; for example, thermistor, LDR, variable resistor and also electrical safety which will help them with everyday life to live safely. There is one Core practical in this topic.
– Investigating resistance
Students will revisit year 8 magnetism and electromagnets before starting CP10.
Physics – CP10 – Magnetism & the Motor Effect, CP11 – Electromagnetic induction – in this topic students will understand that the electromagnetic effects are used in a wide variety of devices. Students will study how electromagnets work and how they can be used to generate electricity. They will also study the rules and laws that govern how they work.
|Students will revisit particle arrangement in matter and forces that were covered in year 7 before starting CP12 and CP13. Students will also recap their knowledge about density from KS2.
The above foundation knowledge forms the basis of new concepts such as specific heat capacity and latent heat. Students will also study gases and the physical laws that govern them.
Physics – CP12 – Particle Model, CP13 – Forces and Matter – in this topic there are three Core practical activities.
Students will revisit energy they covered in year 7 before they start CC16.
Chemistry – CC16 – Fuels, CC17 – Earth & Atmospheric Science
Biology – CB8 – Exchange and Transport in Animals
Biology – CB9 – Ecosystem and Material Cycles
Pupils have covered ecosystems in year 7, term 3 and in year 11, their practical skills in field work will be explored in more detail in which pupils will be taught how to use quadrats to estimate a population size, how to carry out transects and pupils will investigate how abiotic and biotic factors can influence population size in an ecosystem. They will also study the carbon, nitrogen, and water cycles which the water cycle was visited in KS2. The material cycles will link to how climate change has affected our ecosystems
This also gives students a better understanding and overview of how everything is interrelated and the reasons why we need to take care of our planet and support the global initiative of protecting our planet.
|During term three, students will be retaught topics that require extra guidance.
|Year 12 Applied Science||Students will revisit GCSE Chemistry content ‘CC3: Atomic Structure, CC4: The Periodic table, CC5: Ionic bonding, CC6: Covalent bonding & CC7: Types of substance’ before starting Unit 1 – Section A – Periodicity and properties of elements.
Students will revisit GCSE Biology content, ‘CB1: Key concepts in biology’ before starting Unit 1 – Section B – Structure and function of cells and tissues, allowing pupils to prepare biological specimens that they learnt at KS3 and KS4. They will further develop their use of scientific vocabulary, including the use of scientific nomenclature and units and mathematical representations that they have learnt in KS4 biology.
Students will revisit GCSE Physics content, ‘CP4 – Waves and CP5 – Light and EM spectrum’ before starting Unit 1 – Section C – Waves in communication.
Students will revisit the chemistry calculations that were covered in Unit 1 – Section A before starting Unit 2.
Unit 1 – Principles and Applications of Science – external exam.
Unit 2 – Practical Scientific Procedures and Techniques – assignment
A range of vocational assessments will be used – both practical and written – which allow pupils to showcase their learning and skills, when they take on higher education or to potential employers.
There are laboratory-based practical assignments, supported by self-study, presentations, group work and discussion.
Two work experience weeks to give an insight into the world of work and allowing pupils to find out about potential future careers will be undertaken.
|During term to students will continue with unit 2 from term one.
Students will revisit GCSE Biology topic, ‘CB2 – Cells and Control, CB7 – Animal Coordination, Control and Homeostasis’ before starting unit 9.
Continue with Unit 2.
Unit 9 – Human Regulation and Reproduction – assignment
|During term three, students will continue working on Unit 2 and Unit 9 assignments to complete fully for external verification
Students will also revise for Unit 1 external exam in June of the academic year.
|At the beginning of the term, students will revisit GCSE content linked to the year 12, topic 1, and biological molecules, for example, ionic and covalent bonding from the GCSE chemistry as well as the DNA from the GCSE biology topics. Then their knowledge will be extended by the introduction of specific molecules such as water, amino acids, enzymes, lipids, proteins, and DNA.
During the second half of term 1 students will revisit GCSE Biology topic 1 on cells and topic 2 on cell division and then the introduction of more detailed content mitosis, meiosis and sexual reproduction in animals and plants will be explored.
Qualification: Edexcel A Level Biology B’
Topic 1: Biological Molecules
Topic 2: Cells, Viruses and Reproduction of Living Things
|During the second term students will revisit the classification (KS3), that there is extensive genetic variation within a species. As well as revisiting the GCSE content about the importance of biodiversity, they will study the impact of developments in biology on classification systems, gene mutations and adaptations.
Then they will build on that by studying the A level topic 3: Classification and Biodiversity. Students will explore the hierarchy of classification, the common definition of a species, problems with assigning a species to a group. students will also analysis the increasing value of DNA sequencing in distinguishing between species and in helping to determine evolutionary relationships between species.
Topic 3: Classification and Biodiversity
Topic 4: Exchange and Transport
|During term 3 all students will complete their final year 1 biology assessment which will cover topics 1-4 and will also complete all core practical activities. These assessments will be used to predict grades and to write subject references for UCAS.
The second half of term 3 students will start learning A Level Biology topic 6. This topic builds in the communicable diseases and immunology that was covered in primary school and at key stage 3 and 4.
Topic 5: Energy for Biological Processes
Topic 6: Topic 6: Microbiology and Pathogens
|At the beginning of the first term, students will revisit the following GCSE Chemistry content to help them transition to their KS5 Chemistry curriculum.
Students will begin the term by refreshing their prior knowledge of the Atomic Structure, Structure of the Periodic Table, Types of Bonding before they begin Topics 1 and 2. Similarly, they will revisit Redox Reactions taught at GCSE before starting Topic 3. Finally, they will revisit the following topics Balancing simple chemical equations, ionic equations; use state symbols, empirical formula, Write balanced half and full ionic equations, Quantitative interpretations of balanced equations and conservation of mass, relative formula masses, Moles and Determining the stoichiometry of an equation, before they begin learning topic 5.
Topic 1 – Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table
Topic 2 – Bonding and Structure
Topic 3 – Redox I
Topic 5 – Formulae, Equations and Amounts of Substance
|During term two, in order to help students prepare for Topic 4 and 14, they will complete retrieval exercises to refresh their knowledge and understanding of Structure of the Periodic Table and Redox which were learnt in the previous term. Additionally, they will also revisit GCSE Chemistry content ‘Principles of Dynamic Equilibrium’ before they begin learning Topic 10.
Topic 4 – Inorganic Chemistry and the Periodic Table
Topic 10 – Equilibrium I
Topic 11 – Equilibrium II
Topic 14 – Redox II
|During term three, students will revisit GCSE content ‘Transition metal properties’ before starting topic 15, ‘Acids as sources of hydrogen ions; alkalis contain hydroxide ions in solution’, ‘Difference between weak/strong acids and dilute/concentrated acids; recall how pH is related to hydrogen ion concentration’, before starting topic 12 and ‘Bond breaking and making relates to exo- and endothermic reactions, and reaction profiles’ before starting topic 8.
Topic 15 – Transition metals
Topic 12 – Acid-base Equilibria
Topic 8 – Energetics I
Topic 13 – Energetics II
|Year 13 Applied Science||During term one, students will revisit all the skills they learnt in Unit 2 and sections they covered in Unit 1 before starting Unit 3.
In this unit, students will also revisit planning and collecting data, types variables that were covered during GCSE Science.
They will revisit GCSE Biology content, ‘Enzymes in CB1’ chemistry content, ‘CC12 – dynamic equilibrium., Physics content, ‘CP9a – electrical circuits’.
Unit 3 – Science Investigation Skills
On this course students will be expected to undertake a work experience placement in both the first and the second year, the purpose of which is to gather information and insights about the workplace, which can be included in their assignments. Work placements also help develop their employability skills.
|During term two, students will continue with Unit 3. They will be carrying out different practical activities to improve their skills in planning, collecting, and presenting data and drawing conclusion and evaluation.
|Students will continue with Unit 3 getting ready for their practical exam.
|Students will revisit A level topic 9 on Control systems that has been covered previously on the principles of the nervous system, importance of mineral ions, the cell membrane and receptors within the membrane, transport across membranes and the production of ATP in cellular respiration. A level topic 9 will cover the hormonal and the nervous system and effects of drugs.
Students will revisit the structure of the DNA, including the structure of the nucleotide, base pairing, semi-conservative replication, and different methods for measuring the growth of a bacterial culture before starting A level topic 7 on gene technology and genetic variation which covers recombinant DNA production, antibiotic resistance markers and genetic modification.
This topic will then be linked to the level Topic 10 on the unforeseen effects on the ecosystem.
In Topic 10, students will learn about the nature of ecosystems by discovering a variety of techniques that can be used to measure the abundance and distribution of organisms in an ecosystem. Students will carry out several practical investigations and select the most suitable ecological technique to use. Students will learn several statistical techniques use to analyse the collected data.
Students will learn how energy is transferred amongst trophic levels and will learn the roles of microorganisms in the recycling of nutrients which was covered in KS4.
Finally, students will consider the effect that humans have on ecosystems by exploring climate change, human impact on biodiversity on sea and on land.
|After students revisit GCSE content on variation in a population, basic genetics and inheritance and the process of protein synthesis, students will learn A level topic 8.
A level topic 8 will explore mutation, construction of genetic crosses and use chi squared test, to test the significant of the difference between observed and expected results.
|Reteaching based on mock exam outcomes.|
|Students will begin the term by revisiting the GCSE content on Organic Chemistry. For example, they will recap ‘Carbon can form four covalent bonds, Functional groups in organic compounds, Fractional distillation and cracking, Principles of addition and condensation polymerisation’ before they begin learning Topic 6.
Students will revisit the following GCSE contents, ‘Rates: factors that affect frequency and energy of collisions; activation energy’ and ‘Catalysts; how they affect activation energy’ before starting Topic 9.
Topic 6 – Organic Chemistry I
Topic 7 – Modern Analytical Techniques I
Topic 9 – Kinetics I
Topic 16 – Kinetics II
|During term two, students will revisit Organic Chemistry and mass spectrometry and infrared spectroscopy that were covered in term one before starting topics 17 and 19.
Topic 17 – Organic Chemistry II
Topic 18 – Organic Chemistry III
Topic 19 – Modern Analytical Techniques II
|During term three, the focus will be to prepare students for their final examinations. Based on previous assessments, students will be retaught topics where more guidance is needed, especially in areas such as their Maths Skills by practising calculations, Exam Skills by completing timed exam questions and answering six marks questions in a logical manner including correct key words.
In Year 7 and 8, pupils complete short test after every topic of study. Data from these is collated and reviewed to identify areas that require re-teach and students that require extra support.
In Year 9 pupils complete end-of-topic tests published by Pearson Edexcel after each topic taught. These are marked by the teachers. The pupils are given individualised feedback and targets, and a re-teach lesson is planned to fix any whole class misconceptions. All data from end-of-topic tests is recorded to build a picture of the learning. The underperforming students will be given guidance by the class teacher.
In Year 10 pupils are assessed before October half-term on the topics that are re-taught. Data from the tests is recorded to analyse the students’ performance. Each teacher will work with the students who are underperforming in his/her set.
Year 11 pupils are retaught some topics which need more guidance. Students will be sitting all the paper ones (B1, C1 and P1). The papers are marked by teachers; moderation is carried out to get an overall accurate level for each student. The underperforming pupils are identified; these pupils will have an extra session every week after school. One week they are retaught a content and the following they will sit for a short test to check their improvement.
Year 12 pupils will start the new course through retrieval activities to help aid in a smooth transition from the GCSE to the A Level Curriculum. They are monitored periodically to identify underperformers and high achievers. This will allow the subject teachers give students personalised feedback and guidance along with additional support and/or challenge, as needed, to help bridge any gaps in their knowledge, conceptual understanding, and scientific skills.
Year 13 Biology and Chemistry pupils’ September tests are analysed, and the underperforming students are identified, guidance and extra help given, and they are monitored closely through their homework, class work and short knowledge tests. The mock exam is analysed to identify topics that need re-teaching. The students will have extra help through after school session.
Year 13 Applied Science pupils’ mock exam is analysed to identify the sections that need re-teaching. Extra session after school are offered to help improve their Unit 1. Unit 9 assignments are marked by the class teacher and guidance given to students to improve. Regular marking and guidance of Unit 2 assignments is carried out. PPE exam in Unit 3 is analysed. More guidance and practical activities and sample exams are conducted to improve students’ grades.
In line with school policy, summative assessment takes place two times in the year, in addition to the more regular formative assessment in years 10, 11, 12 and 13.
This is then used during the revision period to target any weak topics. The outcome of these assessments can trigger a review of the long-term plan.